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A small change in chip design can make a big difference in calculations and their speed and this is proved by Intel many times but this time the difference is huge. Intel® Stratix® 10’s unique design let it calculate 10 to 100 times faster than the chips in the consumer device.
The latest version of Intel Stratix 10 FPGAs came out in February and this is certainly the fastest chip in its kind in the world — is capable of performing 10 TFLOPS, or 10 trillion floating point operations per second.
The performance was achieved by, over 30 billion 14nm transistors are packed into each chip. For comparison, 8 core Ryzen CPUs have around 4.8 billion transistors produced at 14nm. Intel has not disclosed transistor counts for their latest CPUs, but states that this is more than three times the amount found “in the chips that run today’s fastest laptops and desktops.”
FPGAs, or field programmable gate arrays, are a special class of computer chip that is surging in importance with the rise of applications like speech-recognition, artificial intelligence, next-generation wireless networks, advanced search engines and high-performance computing.
General purpose CPUs are not customizable, they can be used as they are manufactured but FPGAs can be customized – or reprogrammed remotely and on the fly – to perform highly specialized computing tasks and this makes it unique in the field.